Fiddling with genes to see gold at Sydney Olympics

[Published on 2 Aug, 1998]

It is the perfect way for athletes to cheat. No test can detect it,
it could create "super-athletes", and it might be up and running
by the Sydney Olympics.

This is the description given by The Sydney Morning Herald for the
new method -- gene engineering.

It involves changing the DNA structure of genes to increase an
athlete's testosterone and growth hormone levels.

According to the newspaper, gene engineering would make the messy
and murky scenario of regular injections of banned drugs a thing
of the past for cheats.

At present, the cheats rely mainly on steroids, which are detectable
through urine tests, and the undetectable hormones, like
Erythropoietin (EPO) and human growth hormone (hGH).